Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk, born on March 24, 1841, was named Mushtaq Hussain. He started his education at a Maktab and later on became a pupil of Maulvi Rahat Ali Amrohi, under whom he learned advanced Arabic, Hadith and Fiqh. He later joined the government service and therefore came in contact with Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in 1861 in “United Provinces.”
In 1866, he started his career as a humble worker of the Aligarh movement and also became a member of the scientific society. In 1870, he was awarded second prize in a essay competition arranged by the Society for the Promotion of Education among Muslims on bringing about an educational renaissance among the Muslims.
In 1875, he was invited to serve in Hyderabad state under the British. He continued to serve for 17 years and as a result for his meritorious services was elevated to the rank of a Nawab, and his full title was Nawab Mushtaq Hussain Viqar-ul-Mulk.
Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk was a member of the Simla Deputation in 1906. He wanted the Muslims to organize themselves politically and to safeguard their political rights. He also played an active role in the establishment of the Muslim League.
Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk, starting his political career with the Aligarh movement, also represented and guarded the Indian Muslim cause at two significant events – the Simla Deputation and the other being the establishment of the Muslim League.
By 1915, he had a stroke of paralysis and passed away on January 27, 1917, and was buried in his family graveyard at Amroha.