Choudhary Rahmat Ali


Choudhary Rahmat Ali , founder of the Pakistan National Movement, was born in 1895. From his early childhood, Rahmat Ali showed signs of great promise as a student. After completing his schooling, he joined the Islamia College of Lahore in order to get his Bachelor of Arts degree. Rahmat Ali finished education in England, obtaining M. A. and L.L.B. with honors from the universities of Cambridge and Dublin.

It was during the years 1930 and 1933 that he seemed to have established “The Pakistan National Movement” with its headquarters in Cambridge. On January 28, 1933, he issued his first memorable pamphlet “Now or never; Are we to live or perish for ever?” He was the first to coin the word “Pakistan” for 30 million Muslims who live in the five Northern units of India – Punjab, North-West Frontier (Afghan) Province, Kashmir, Sind and Balochistan. The pamphlet also gave reasons for the establishment of Pakistan as a separate nation. He spoke of independent homeland for the Muslims, “Pakistan”, in the Northern units of India, “Bang-i-Islam” for Muslims in Bengal and “Usmanistan” for the Muslims in Hyderabad (Deccan).

Choudhary Rahmat Ali propagated the Scheme of Pakistan with a missionary zeal after it was started in 1933. In August, 1947, Pakistan came to be established and in 1948 Choudhary Rahmat Ali visited Pakistan. Later he proceeded to England to champion the cause of Kashmir through the United Nations.

Sick and weak, he died on February 12, 1951




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