Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II widely known as Pir Pagara (Urdu: پیر پگارا, Sindhi: پير پاڳارو; November 22, 1928 – January 10, 2012) was the spiritual leader of Hurs and president of political party Pakistan Muslim League (F). He was commonly known in Pakistan as Pir Sahib Pagara and Pir Shaab. He was an instrumental figure in the Pakistani politics and the leader of Hur Force in Pakistan who also participated Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. He was very famous in prediction about Pakistani politics. He was also a first-class cricketer. He died on January 10, 2012 in London, UK due to liver infection.
Pir Pagara is a title given to the leader of Muslim Sufi order of Hurs in Sindh province of Pakistan. It comes from the Persianword Pir (Chief) and the Sindhi word ‘Pagara’ which means (Chieftain’s Turban). The Last Pir Pagara was Hazrat Pir Syed Mardan Shah II. He was born in Pir Jo Goth, Sindh in 1928. Pir Pagara spent a major part of his life being actively engaged in Pakistan’s politics. His father Hazrat Pir Syed Sibghatullah Shah II was hanged on 20 March 1943 by the British colonial government during his struggle against British Colonial Rule.
After the defeat of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah by Ayub Khan in Presidential run, Mohtarma declared the Muslim League Functional and made Pir Pagaro as the head of Muslim League. He was nominated as first president of United Muslim League as well. He was Chief of Pakistan Muslim League-Functional (PML-F), and spiritual leader of the ‘Hur’ jamaat. He was one of the most influential and respected political personalities of Pakistan. He was very famous for his predictions on politics of Pakistan. He was usually visited by many senior politicians of Pakistan such as Sheikh Rasheed, Chaudhry Shujaat, Raza Haroon and Shah Mehmood Qureshi. His face was so famous that Fawad Samejo had a picture of the late Mr Pagara’s on his car’s windshield to avoid paying toll tax.
Pir Pagara was admitted to Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) on November 24 for treatment of infected lungs, according to doctors he was in very serious condition therefore he was put on a ventilator and flown to London on special air ambulance on January 5, along with physician and family members.  
According to the doctors in Wellington hospital London, they had changed his medication for a while he was being fed trough Intravenous (IV) therapy however, he died at Wellington Hospital in North London on January 10, 2012 at 11:30 P.M. according to Pakistan standard time. He died due to liver infection, his body was returned to country on the next day after all formalities. Most of political parties of Pakistan including the Hurs send their condolences and grief messages to family. His body is scheduled to be buried in his native town Pir jo Goth on 12 Jan 2012 at 1500LT.