His real name is Hazrat Syed Badaruddin Gilani Qadiri Baghdadi. He is Hassani, Hussaini, Razaqqi, Gilani syed. In Lahore he is known as Hazrat Shah Badar Diwan and in India as Hazrat Shah Badar Gilani(R.A). His pedigree is as under:
Hazrat Shah Badar Diwan bin Hazrat Sharaf-ud-Din Gilani bin
Alla-ud-din gilani bin Shamas-ud-din Muhammad gilani bin
Ahmad Ma-laqab ba rayza chean gilani bin Qasim gilani bin Sharaf-ud-din yahyaha katal shaheed tatar gilani bin Syed Shahab-ud-din gilani bin Syed Abu Saleh Nasr Gilani bin Syed Abdul Razaqq Gilani Bin Qutab-e-Rabani,Ghous-e-Samdani,Mehboob-e- Subhani,Miran Mohi-ud-din Syed Abdul Qadir Gilani Baghdadi(R.A).
He was born in Baghdad in 7th November 1457 AD on Monday. According to this Persian verse:
ZA HIJRAT HUSHAT SAAD NAU KUM HUFTAAD
TAWALAD GUSHAT BADAR-UD-DIN BA BAGHDAD
Arrival In Lahore
He left his home in 1493 AD and came to Lahore, where he spend five years to preaching of Islam. In Lahore he has a Chillah, where he spend forty days of meditation. King Akbar built a Khangah on this CHILLAH and the place is now called Chillah Shah Badar Diwan.
On 18 August 1498 AD, he came to Batala and founded Massanian. Massanian is a hindi word which means ‘One who remove an evil spirits’. It is also spelled as Masania, Masanian and Masaniyan. And this place is also called as Masani. A popular verse in Punjabi about it as:
KABE DA GHAROOR KAR DE
MASANI PIND WALE
He got married Bibi Murassa, daughter of Hazrat Daud Bokhari in village Sohal Gurdaspur.
He has four sons and one daughter from Bibi Murassa:
1-SYED ALI SABIR GILANI QADIRI
2-SYED HABIBULLAH GILANI QADIRI
3-SYED ABDUL LATIF GILANI QADIRI
4-SYEDA BIBI ALLAH BANDAHI(FATIMA) KNOWN AS BIBI PAK DAMAN
5-SYED MUHAMMAD SADIK GILANI QADIRI
All of his children was able to do marvels.
He died on 12 August 1570 AD in Massanian, India.
In his grave a majestic dargah was built by his grand son Shah Abdul Shakoor Gilani Qadiri. It contains four minar, two courtyards and many dooms.